Due to internal damages, tumors or infections, surgery of intestines becomes inevitable because more the patient waits more are the chances of infection to spread in the region. Before jumping onto the surgery there are many other procedures which are to be followed to understand the problem accurately. There is series of tests, X rays and diagnosis which helps the doctors to determine the exact spot to operate during surgery if required.
One of the diagnosis procedures related to large intestines is the colonoscopy Melbourne. In this procedure, long flexible scope is passed through your intestine. The scope has a camera on the top which allows doctors to have a view inside your bowel and rectum on the screen and also to perform procedures such as biopsies and polyp (abnormal growth) removal. This procedure does not involve any surgery but it is very important because polyps can grow into cancers, though it takes years for a polyp to convert into anything like cancer but it’s better to clean up the scene before it turns rough.
Colonoscopy generally takes 30 min. There is special diet which the patient has to follow for a few days also known as bowl prep. It is also mandatory for the patient to intake only liquids 24 hours prior to the procedure. This is done to ensure that the bowel is completely clean of any residue. For more clear view, colon is inflated with air during the procedure. Patients are dosed with light anesthetic before inserting the scope via anus into the intestines. Most of the patients are likely to fall asleep during the whole procedure.
Accuracy and Risks involved with procedure
Generally, there are no risks involved with this diagnosis procedure as it is safe and highly accurate. Though as they say in medical science, no procedure is perfect, there are 3% chances to miss the cancer and 6% chance to miss small polyps. This is because sometimes the scope is not able to pass through whole of the colon missing out on some regions.
The risks involved are highly minimal i.e. 1 case of complication in 10,000 cases. The risk only increases after the removal of the polyps. There can be bleeding but it is very rare and only in the cases after the polyps are removed. With proper treatments, bleeding and other complications can be dealt and there are extremely rare cases in which surgery is required to deal with any damage caused during the procedure and providing the highest standards of medical care.
Patients can consult about the situation with the doctors, right after the surgery and the reports of the same are developed within 2-3 days.